Tag Archives: shastra

Shastra Quiz 52

This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.

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Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.

This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.

1 / 10

What does Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī identify as the root cause of the living being's suffering in this world?

2 / 10

What is the cause of the jīva’s misidentification with the body?

3 / 10

What is the consequence of misidentification with the body as the self, according to Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī?

4 / 10

According to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, what is the solution to the root cause of suffering?

5 / 10

According to Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī, why is bhakti the most complete abhidheya?

6 / 10

Why is it that, despite the common notion that bhakti is simple and easy to practice, it is rarely attained by people?

7 / 10

What types of doubts that are bound to arise in the study of any philosophical system?

8 / 10

Śraddhā is

9 / 10

How does one acquire śraddhā in bhakti?

10 / 10

Why do devotees sometimes lose sight of their original desire for bhakti?

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Shastra Quiz 51

This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.

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45

Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.

This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.

1 / 10

What is kaimutya nyāya (the a fortiori argument)?

2 / 10

What is daśamas-tvam-asi-nyāya?

3 / 10

What is arundhatī-pradarśana-nyāya?

4 / 10

What is ekadeśa-nirdeśa-nyāya?

5 / 10

What is kāraṇa-guṇa-prakrama-nyāya?

6 / 10

What is prativādī-abhyupagama-nyāya?

7 / 10

What is candra-śākhā-nyāya?

8 / 10

What is sūcī-kaṭāha-nyāya?

9 / 10

What is ahi-kuṇḍala-nyāya?

10 / 10

What is mukta-pragraha-nyāya?

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Consciousness in Deep Sleep, Science and Shastra

Question: I have heard that in the Gauḍīya sampradāya, the ātman is conscious as well as aware of itself. In Advaita Vedānta, the ātman is mere consciousness. Can you please explain how the ātman is aware of itself since in deep sleep we are the awareness (consciousness) but still not aware (conscious) of anything?

Answer: The problem with hearing is that you are not sure whether what you have heard is right, partly right, or wrong. When you pose a question, please refer to śāstra. This is my request. Otherwise, it becomes my responsibility to defend what you have heard. Or, it is better that you ask those from whom you hear these things.

Question: I apologize for not giving references. I read it in your short e-book called “The Self and Free Will in Chaitanya Samprayada.” I am quoting it here.

Ātmā possesses consciousness and is self-aware

Ātmā is not mere consciousness. It is an entity that possesses consciousness. It is consciousness itself, and it possesses consciousness. Therefore, it is described as “self-luminous” (svayam-prakāśa). Objects like a table or a book, for example, are not self-illuminating. They need to be illuminated by a light source before they can be seen. A light bulb, however, is self-illuminating, it illuminates itself as well as objects in its vicinity. But a light bulb is not aware of what it illuminates, because it is insentient, inert. Ātmā is not only self-illuminating but also self-aware. Ātmā illuminates itself and the body, and is conscious of the things it illuminates, including itself. For this reason, ātmā is called cid-rūpa, “sentient by nature.” Although self-luminous like a bulb, however, ātmā does not reveal the body to others, but only to itself. This concept of ātmā is in contrast to the notion of Advaita Vedānta, where ātmā is proclaimed to be mere consciousness, rather than possessing consciousness. In that school consciousness is only seen as the nature of ātmā, but not as its attribute.

How are we (the ātmā) self-aware in deep sleep? According to Advaitins, we are just pure awareness, not being aware of anything (in deep sleep). The ātmā is not aware of itself in Advaita Vedanta. How are we self-aware in deep sleep, according to the Gauḍīya sampradāya?

Answer: So your question is only about self-awareness in deep sleep. What about in the wakeful state? Are you not aware of yourself in the wakeful state? Do you need help of someone else to tell you that you exist? Certainly not. 

We are all aware of ourselves in the wakeful state. Therefore, we use the word “I” to refer to ourselves. This sense of “I” belongs to the ātmā. In the conditioned state, we identify with our body and mind, therefore, we also use the word “I” to refer to these. If the ātmā did not have the sense of “I,” it would not be able to identify with the body etc. To identify with something, first you have to have the sense of “I.” Otherwise, who is identifying with whom? This does not need deep philosophical knowledge. If we have the sense of “I” in the wakeful state, it should also be present in the state of deep sleep. There is no reason for it to disappear in deep sleep.

So the ātmā has a sense of “I” in deep sleep also but it is not aware of it because it is disconnected from everything. That is why when one wakes up, one only remembers, “I slept well.” Such remembrance is only possible if one has experienced it. Experience is not possible without the sense of “I.” And the sense of “I” is not possible without consciousness.

 

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Question: Why do our scriptures clash with the pratyakṣa pramāṇa of science? A few things seem similar but a major part of the śāstra is contrary to our direct experience. Can you elaborate on this?

Answer: To which direct experience are you referring specifically? Unless you refer to something specific, how can I answer you?

Question: Can you explain the 8.4 million species mentioned in the Purāṇas?

Answer: Very interesting question. Now can you tell me how it clashes with the pratyakṣa pramāṇa of science? Has science counted the total number of species all over the universe? I am not aware if this. Assuming that that they have done so, please give the number as per the pratyakaṣa pramāna of science.  When śāstra says there are 8.4 million species, you also need to consider if the definition of śāstra for species matches with that of science. My understanding is that they do not match. The word used by śāstra is yoni, which is loosely translated as species. But śastra says there are some 400 000 yoni of human beings. This certainly cannot pertain to “species”. What it really means is body types.

What I am most amazed is that you wrote: “A few things seem similar but a major part of the śāstra is contrary to our direct experience.” And when I asked you to list the contradictions, you came up with just one, and you did not give any proof of the contradiction. 

 

Shastra Quiz 50

This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.

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60

Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.

This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.

1 / 10

What is ātma-tattva?

2 / 10

Which potency of Bhagavān upholds the existence of the individual ātmās and prakṛti?

3 / 10

In Śrīmad Bhāgavata (3.26.3), Lord Kapila describes the nature of the ātmā as svayaṁ-jyoti (self-luminous). What does this mean?

4 / 10

Ātmā is said to be conscious by nature and self-luminous (jñāna svarūpa and svayam prakāśa). But when it identifies with a particular body, it is darkened by ignorance. What happens to its quality of self-luminosity?

5 / 10

In Śrīmad Bhāgavata (3.26.3), why does Śrī Kapila describe the ātmā as nirguṇa ("devoid of the guṇas of prakṛti," i.e., sattva, rajas and tamas) and prakṛteḥ paraḥ ("beyond prakṛti")?

6 / 10

The word jñāna is used both for ātmā, and for knowledge acquired as a vṛtti (specific impression or modification of the mind). What is the distinction between the two?

7 / 10

In Śrīmad Bhāgavata (3.26.4), Śrī Kapila describes the ātmā as vibhu ("all-pervading"). What does this mean?

8 / 10

If the ātmā does not have inherent knowledge of Bhagavān, then how does it receive this knowledge?

9 / 10

If knowledge is mano-vṛtti, or a modification of the mind, and remains external to the ātmā, then how are bhajana memories transferred to the spiritual world with the ātmā, as the citta is also material?

10 / 10

The ātmā is ?

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Shastra Quiz 49

This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.

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89

Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.

This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.

1 / 10

Can attachment and detachment coexist simultaneously?

2 / 10

Who is a Nirgranthāḥ?

3 / 10

Do devotees in śānta-rasa worship Bhagavān in His Brahman form?

4 / 10

What is the concept of sayujya-mukti in Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism?

5 / 10

What is krama mukti?

6 / 10

Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between the jīva, Paramātmā, and Bhagavān?

 

7 / 10

Is getting a spiritual body a modification of the ātmā?

8 / 10

If every jīva is inherently devoid of bhakti, what determines a jīva’s choice for one type of bhakti and not another?

9 / 10

How detrimental is the regular association of non-devotees (in terms of family, and business associates)?

10 / 10

Who is a “pure” Vaishnava?

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Shastra Quiz 48

This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.

0%
92

Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.

This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.

1 / 10

According to Śrī Rūpa Gosvāmī, what is the very first step in bhakti?

2 / 10

How does one acquire śraddhā in bhakti?

3 / 10

What are the primary types of offenses to bhakti?

4 / 10

On the path of bhakti, how can we remove anarthas?

5 / 10

At which stage of bhakti does one become free from misery?

6 / 10

If bhakti is supremely powerful just like Bhagavān and even a semblance of bhakti has purifying power, then why are its effects generally not experienced by people practicing it?

7 / 10

How does one experience bhakti?

8 / 10

Which of the following statements about sādhana-bhakti are true?

9 / 10

Which of the following statements about vaidhī-bhakti is false?

10 / 10

Why do devotees sometimes lose sight of their original desire for bhakti?

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Shastra Quiz 47

This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.

0%
64

Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.

This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.

1 / 10

What is the meaning of the term "sandarbha"?

2 / 10

Who does Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī credit for starting the work on the Sandarbhas?

3 / 10

What was the original name of the Ṣaṭ Sandarbhas?

4 / 10

Why did Śrīla Jīva Gosvāmī compose the Ṣaṭ Sandarbhas?

5 / 10

If Gopāla Bhatta Gosvāmī had already composed a work on this subject, why would Rūpa and Sanātana have engaged Jīva Gosvāmī in compiling a similar work?

 

6 / 10

Is there any other literary work that is sometimes referred to as the seventh Sandarbha?

 

7 / 10

What are the criteria for determining the essence or main message of a book?

 

8 / 10

According to Śrīla Jīva Gosvāmī what is the criteria of eligibility for study of the Śrī Ṣaṭ Sandarbhas (adhikārī)?

 

9 / 10

What purpose or aim does Tattva Sandarbha seek to fulfill?

10 / 10

Why is the study of Śrī Jīva Goswami's Ṣad Sandarbhas important?

 

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